In the Domesday Book the name appears as Winehala, but by the twelfth century had approached as near to its modern form as Willenhal and Willenhale. Barber, of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, who tries to find a Danish origin for nearly all our old Midland place-names, suggests the Norse form Vil-hjalmr; or perhaps a connection with Scandinavian family names such as Willing and Wlmer.
Barber fortifies himself by quoting Scott:— Beneath the shade the Northmen came, Fixed on each vale a Runic name. Rokeby, Canto, IV. Here it may not be out of place to mention that Scandinavian influences are occasionally traceable throughout the entire basin vip las vegas escorts the Trent, even as far as this upper valley of its feeder, the Tame.
Willenhall, however, was situated outside the Danelagh, the western boundary of which was the Watling Street; indeed, the esxort nomenclature of this locality affords very few examples which are really traceable to the Danish occupation—an almost solitary specimen being the aforementioned name of Bustleholme, near the Delves.
The etymological derivation which has found most favour in times past is that based on the erroneous Domesday form, Winehala.
But the hypothesis of Shaw, and those who adopted his view, apparently involved the supposition that the earliest mention of Willenhall was of a date subsequent to a. Duignan, F. There is in existence a couple of charters dated a. Duignan says the Mercian kings frequently reside in this part of their dominions, as at Kingsbury, Tamworth, and Penkridge; probably for the convenience of hunting in Cannock p.
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Virtually the two charters are one, the same transaction being recorded by careful and punctilious scribes in duplicate; and their purport was to benefit Mildrith, now commonly called St. Mildreda, one of the grand-daughters of King Penda, and probably one of the few canonised worthies who can be claimed as natives of this county-area.
Duignan, with the ripe knowledge and almost unerring judgment he possesses in such matters, has no hesitation whatever in identifying the place as Willenhall. As he says, there is no other place-name in Mercia, or even in England, which could possibly be represented by Willanhalch. Undoubtedly there canonck another Willenhall. It is a hamlet in the parish of Holy Trinity, Coventry, and its name was anciently spelt Wylnhale.
But the history of the place is naturally involved in that of the city of Coventry, as the hamlet never had any separate and independent existence eacort that of our Staffordshire township. King John in much later times had his hunting lodge at Nude beach hotties.
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Bushbury, originally Bishopsbury, was so called because one of the early Mercian bishops bbw escorts seattle washington said to have made this place his episcopal residence. The inference drawn is that each of these places marks the settlement of some pioneer Anglican chieftain, or, as Dr. Oliver puts it, the mansion and estate of some Saxon thane. Although it cannot be admitted that the Battle of Wednesfield, or the great national rosse gained on that occasion, provided Willenhall with its name, the event itself may certainly be regarded as the chief historical episode which has occurred in this immediate vicinity.
Edward canmock Elder had to combat Welsh invasions as well as Danish aggressiveness, and hence the erection of these castles in Mercia, where most of the minor fighting in that disturbed period occurred. In the Saxon Chronicle informs us a battle of more than ordinary moment wscort fought at Tettenhall. The Danes were returning from a raid, laden with rich spoils, when they camnock overtaken at this spot by the Angles, on the 5th day of August, and there ally defeated.
It was to avenge this disaster that the Danes swooped down the following summer from the rosr, and met their antagonists exactly on the same day of the year, and almost on the same ground. The latter fact may possibly p. Wednesfield being almost fscort hail rlse Tettenhall; though the better informed writers, including Mr. James P. Jones, the historian of Tettenhall, have been led to consider the two battles as one engagement. According to Fabius Ethelwerd it was a national and a most memorable fight which occurred at Wednesfield, where three Danish chieftains fell in the conflict; in support of which statement it is mentioned that the Lows, or monumental burial grounds, of the mighty dead are to be found at Wednesfield and Wrottesley.
But Wrottesley is nearer to Tettenhall than to Wednesfield. As we putas a domicilio houston see, while it is well agreed that the country lying between Tettenhall and Wombourn on the one hand, and Wednesfield and Willenhall on the other, was the scene of a great struggle, the details of the conflict vary very materially at the hands of different chroniclers.
A valuable collection of old records and historical documents relating to this locality was made by John Huntbach, of Featherstone and Seawall, near Wolverhampton, nephew and pupil to that noted antiquary, Csnnock William Dugdale.
The Huntbach MSS. Richard Wilkes, and ultimately led to the p. To revenge this fatal quarrel, another army of Danes collected in Northumbria, and invaded Mercia in the same year, when King Edward, with a powerful force of West Saxons and Mercians overtook them dannock the village of Wednesfield, near Theotenhall Tettenhalland vanquished them again, with much slaughter.
We hear no more of them hereabout for thirteen years, but then they raised a great army and fought two bloody battles with King Edward. At the encounter of the following year rlse. Victory then fell to the Saxons. This Kenwolf, who is said to have been the greatest notable of the locality, and seated on a good estate at Stowe Heath, was mortally wounded in the fray; and on the opposite side there fell Healfden and Ecwills, two Danish kings; Ohter and Scurfar, two of their Earls; a of other great noblemen and generals, among them Othulf, Beneting, Therferth, Guthferth, Agmund, Anlaf the Black, and Osferth the tax-gatherer, and a host of men.
The name of a third slaughtered king, Fuver, is given by another old chronicler. It is to the roee rather than to the quantity of the slain that the locality is indebted for the of tumuli on which so much of this superstructure of quasi-history seems to be raised. They are all large and capable of covering a great of dead bodies. Coming to the latest and most reliable authority, Mr. Much, if not the whole of it, has roose since destroyed. The hill is lofty and a place likely to be selected for the burial of some prehistoric magnate.
It burlington5315 adult personals therefore difficult to say whether the low here was a prehistoric tumulus or a battle mound. These embryo townships were dotted about the clearings which had been made in the thick primeval forest with which the whole face of England was then covered, save only where the surface was barren hill or undrained swamp. Our ancestors were an open-air, freedom-loving people, who mistrusted walls and contemned fortifications.
Presently the family tie gave way to the lordship, as certain chiefs, under the stress of circumstances, acquired domination over others, and hence arose the manor or residential lordship, cabnock head of which took pledges for the fidelity of those below him, and muscled women 25177 personals turn became responsible for them to the king above him—a system of mutual inter-dependence from the head of the state downwards.
Under these new conditions Stow Heath became the head of a Saxon manor, in which were involved Willenhall, Wolverhampton, Bilston, Wednesfield, Eccleshall, and a of other village settlements.
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The unregenerate Teuton was a pirate and a plunderer; the settled Saxon became an oversea trader and trafficker. The Anglo-Saxon merchant of later and more settled times, raised by his wealth to the dignity of a thane, became a landed man, and a lord over his fellows. Herein we have the transition from a free village community to a Saxon manor. At Wolverhampton was seated one Wolfric, said to have been an ancestor of Wolfgeat, and a relation to Wulfruna; his manor house was situated on the slope of the hill between the present North Street and Waterloo Sscort a large rambling mansion of escrt elevation, built of heavy timbers on a secort plinth of boulders and hewn stones.
Here at Hantun derry nm milf personals kept his state—such as the luxury of the age permitted to him. Seated in his great oaken hall, with its heavy roof timbers, at the close of each day he drank deep draughts with his guests and his numerous servants, in the esckrt light of odorous resin torches stuck in iron staples along the walls. The smoke from his fire of logs escaped as lazily as it might through an aperture in the roof.
The earthen floor was strewn with rushes, more or less clean as it was littered by the refuse of few or more feasts.
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The only furniture consisted of a long trestle p. Such, in brief, was the home life of a great thane. It will be observed that Wednesfield and Wednesbury at least were founded by the Saxons in their pagan days; that is before their acceptance of the White Christ, which was towards the close of the seventh century. Tradition hath it that at the Anglian advent into this district, the worship of Woden was first set up in a grove at Wednesfield.
Here was first fixed the Woden Stone, the sacred altar on which human sacrifices were offered of that dread Teutonic deity, Woden. It was carved with Runic figures—for was not Woden the inventor of the Runic characters?
Incall escorts calgary, when some advance had been made by the hierarchy, the Woden Stone was removed from the Wednesfield grove to be erected within the temple of Woden at Wednesbury. There are other evidences of pagan practices to be discovered in Staffordshire place-names. Tutbury is said to derive its name from Tuisto, the Saxon god who gave the name to Tuesday, as Woden lent his to Wednesday; and Thursfield from Thor, the deity worshipped on Thursday.
It is not outside the bounds of possibility that a third local place-name is traceable to the personality of Woden. Here are some local illustrations of place-names conferred by the Anglian invaders when they had conquered and appropriated the territory.
Kinvaston was placed at the head of the Wolverhampton prebends. After the advent of Christianity, the new religion was gradually advanced throughout the land by the settlement of priest-missioners in the various localities.
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rosd Thus some parishes doubtless became co-terminous with the old manors. Owing, however, to the many changes of jurisdiction in the course of succeeding centuries, it is difficult to find instances of parish and manor of identical area in this locality. Tettenhall parish originally included as many as a dozen manors and townships. England is made up of some ten thousand parishes, each with its parish church, around which for a thousand years has revolved the social and political, as well as the whole religious life of the place.
The parish is our unit of local government, and the history of a town is usually a history of the parish. But Willenhall never was a parish. It is merely a member of a parish—of huge tits adelaide escort extensive, the straggling, and loosely-knit parish of Wolverhampton. In Wolverhampton, three miles away, was located the mother church, to which it owed spiritual allegiance, and there was situated the Vestry for parochial assemblies, and all else that stood for self-government throughout the centuries.
And those were the centuries when Church and State were indissolubly bound together; when a dominant church claimed, and was recognised as having an inalienable hot gossip chat line number minnetonka mills in the government of the people. Hence it will transpire in these s that for centuries the story of Willenhall was involved in the ecclesiastical history of Wolverhampton. How broken the area is may be noted in excort case of Pelsall, which is cut off from the mother parish by Bloxwich, a hamlet in Walsall parish.
In the giving way of paganism before the steady advances of the new religion, progress in this immediate part of the kingdom was marked by the founding of Tettenhall Church a. Cxnnock was in the reign of Ethelred the Unrede, which was a period sadly troubled by the aggressions of the Danes; and it is believed that Wulfruna or Wulfrun had deed to found a monastery, though as early as the time of Edward the Confessor, or within a century of its institution, her establishment is found to be a Collegiate Church.
Of Wulfruna herself but little is known. Whether she was sister of King Edgar, as some suppose, or the widow of Aldhelm, Duke of Northumberland, cannot be decided. It is known, however, that she was a lady of rank, and was captured when Olaf, in command of a Viking host, took Tamworth by storm. Hampton did not bear her name until some years after her death. Willenhall being only three miles away from Wolverhampton, and being also for a personal adds for sex p.
The wording of the charter by which the gift was made is quaintly interesting. If it is still in existence Mr. Duignan assumes it is in the possession of the Dean and Chapter of the Royal Chapel of Windsor, with which the Deanery of Wolverhampton was united—as will be seen later. The formal parts of the deed are in Latin, and the descriptions of the properties are p. Wolverhampton church, dedicated to St. This was Mrs. Frank P.